Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Active Passive Voice Modals Bahasa Inggris

Sebelumnya kita sudah membahas rumus dan contoh active-passive voice 16 tenses dan pengertian, fungsi dan contoh modal auxiliary , maka pada postingan kali ini kita akan membahas rumus active-passive voice modal auxiliary verb 'modals'.

Pada dasarnya semua rumus modals sama semua, yang membedakan hanya pada fungsinya saja, jadi rumus akan saya tulis satu kali dan penggunaannya tinggal mengganti modals yang dikehendaki.

Bentuk Rumus
A+ S+ modals+ verb 1 (bare infinitive)+ O
P+ O+ modals+ be+ verb 3 (past participle)+ by+ S
A- S+ modals+ not+ verb 1 (bare infinitive)+ O
P- O+ modals+ not+ be+ verb 3 (past participle)+ by+ S
A?+ modals+ S+ verb 1 (bare infinitive)+ O
P?+ modals+ O+ be+ verb 3 (past participle)+ by+ S
A?- modals+ not+ S+ verb 1 (bare infinitive)+ O
P?- modals+ not+ O+ be+ verb 3 (past participle+ by+ S

Keterangan:
  • Kata modals: can, could, should, must, may, might, shall, would, will, ought to.
  • A singkatan active, P singkatan passive.
  • (+) positive, (-) negative, (?) interrogative.
  • Jadi, bentuk A+ berarti active positive, P+ berarti passive positive, dst.

Can
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ She can accompany you whenever you want (Dia bisa menemanimu kapanpun kamu mau)
P+ You can be accompanied by her if you want (Kamu bisa ditemaninya jika mau
A- We can't pull out this cassava tree (Kami tidak bisa mencabut pohon singkong ini)
P- This cassava tree can't be pulled out by us (Pohon singkong ini tak bisa kami cabut)
A?+ Can he repair my fridge? (Bisakah dia memperbaiki kulkasku?)
P?+ Can my fridge be repaired by him? (Bisakah kulkasku dia perbaiki?)
A?- Can't you tell the truth to me? (Tidakkah kamu bisa menceritakan yang sebenarnya kepadaku?)
P?- Can't the truth be told by you to me? (Tidakkah bisa kebenarannya kamu ceritakan kepadaku?)

Could
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ U19 could win the match(U19 bisa memenangkan pertandingan itu)
P+ The match could be won by U19 (Pertandingan itu bisa dimenangkan oleh U19)
A- That robot couldn't recognize my face (Robot itu tak bisa mengenali wajahku)
P- My face couldn't be recognized by that robot (Wajahku tak bisa dikenali oleh robot itu)
A?+ Could U19 win the match? (Bisakah U19 memenangkan pertandingan itu?)
P?+ Could the match be won by U19? (Bisakah pertandingan itu U19 menangkan?)
A?- Couldn't that robot recognize my face? (Tidakkah bisa robot itu mengenali wajahku?)
P?- Couldn't my face be recognized by that robot? (Tidakkah bisa wajahku dikenali oleh robot itu?)

Should
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ We should buy this book (Kita sebaiknya membeli buku ini)
P+ This book should be bought by us (Buku ini sebaiknya kita beli)
A- You shouldn't permit her to drive your car (Kamu tdk semestinya mengizinkan dia mengemudikan mobilmu)
P- She shouldn't be permitted by you to drive your car (Dia tdk semestinya kamu izinkan utk mengemudikan mobilmu)
A?+ Should we buy this book? (Apakah sebaiknya kita membeli buku ini?)
P?+ Should this book be bought by us? (Apakah buku ini sebaiknya kita beli?)
A?- Shouldn't I permit her to drive my car? (Apa tak semestinya ku izinkan dia mengemudikan mobilku?)
P?- Shouldn't she be permitted by me to drive my car? (Apa tak semestinya dia ku izinkan mengemudikan mobilku?)

Must
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ You must finish that job as soon as possible (Kamu harus menyelesaikan pekerjaan itu sesegera mungkin)
P+ That job must be finished by you as soon as possible (Pekerjaan itu harus kamu selesaikan sesegera mungkin
A- We must not obey the rule (Kita dilarang mematuhi peraturan itu)
P- The rule must not be obeyed by us (Peraturan itu dilarang utk kita patuhi)
A?+ Must I finish that job now? (Haruskah aku menyelesaikan pekerjaan itu sekarang?)
P?+ Must that job be finished by me now? (Haruskah pekerjaan itu aku selesaikan sekarang?)
A?- Must not we obey the rule? (Tidakkah kita boleh mematuhi peraturan itu?)
P?- Must not the rule be obeyed by us? (Tidakkah peraturan itu boleh kita patuhi?)

May
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ You may need this example (Kamu mungkin butuh contoh ini
P+ This example may be needed by you (Contoh ini mungkin kamu butuhkan)
A- You may not like that shirt (Kamu mungkin tdk menyukai kaos itu)
P- That shirt may not be liked by you (Kaos itu mungkin tdk kamu sukai)
A?+ May you need this example? (Mungkin kamu butuh contoh ini?)
May this example be needed by you? (Mungkin contoh ini kamu butuhkan?)
A?- May not you like that shirt? (Tidakkah mungkin kamu menyukai kaos itu?)
P?- May not that shirt be liked by you? (Tidakkah mungkin kaos itu kamu sukai?)

Might
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ She might love you (Dia mungkin mencintaimu)
P+ You might be loved by her (Kamu mungkin dicintainya)
A- He might not believe you (Dia mungkin tidak mempercayaimu)
P- You might not be believed by him (Kamu mungkin tidak dipercaya olehnya)
A?+ Might she love you? (Mungkinkah dia mencintaimu?)
P?+ Might you be loved by her? (Mungkinkah kamu dicintainya?)
A?- Might not he believe you? (Tidakkah mungkin dia mempercayaimu?)
P?- Might not you be believed by him? (Tidakkah mungkin kamu dipercaya olehnya?)

Shall
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ We shall apreciate his attempt (Kita harus menghargai usahanya)
P+ His attempt shall be appreciated by us (Usahanya haruslah kita hargai)
A- They shan't reply my message (Mereka tdk harus membalas pesanku)
P- My message shan't be replied by them (Pesanku tdk harus mereka balas)
A?+ Shall we apreciate his attempt? (Haruskah kita menghargai usahanya?)
P?+ Shall his attempt be apreciated by us? (Haruskah usahanya kita hargai?)
A?- Shan't they reply your message? (Tidakkah mereka harus membalas pesanmu?)
P?- Shan't your message be replied by them? (Tidakkah pesanmu harus mereka balas?)

Would
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ Cleopatra would build a little pyramid with Alexander (Cleopatra akan membangun piramida kecil dengan Alexander)
P+ A little pyramid would be built by Cleopatra and Alexander (Piramid kecil akan dibangun oleh Cleopatra dan Alexander)
A- She wouldn't plant those bate trees in the Alexandria city (Dia tdk akan menanam pohon-pohon kurma itu di kota Alexandria)
P- Those bate trees wouldn't be planted by her in the Alexandria city (Pohon-Pohon kurma itu tdk akan dia tanam di kota Alexandria)
A?+ Would Cleopatra build a little pyramid with Alexander? (Akankah Cleopatra membangun piramida kecil dgn Alexander?)
P?+ Would a little pyramid be built by Cleopatra and Alexander? (Akankah piramida kecil dibangun oleh Cleopatra dan Alexander?)
A?- Wouldn't she plant those bate trees? (Tidakkah dia akan menanam pohon-pohon kurma itu?)
P?- Wouldn't those bate trees be planted by her? (Tidakkah pohon-pohon kurma itu akan dia tanam?)

Will
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ She will play that violin now (Dia akan memainkan biola itu sekarang)
P+ That violin will be played by her now (Biola itu akan dia mainkan sekarang)
A- He won't lend his money to Rohadi (Dia tidak akan meminjamkan uangnya kepada Rohadi)
P- His money won't be lended by him to Rohadi (Uangnya tidak akan ia pinjamkan kepada Rohadi)
A?+ Will she play that violin now? (Akankah dia memainkan biola itu sekarang?)
P?+ Will that violin be played by her now? (Akankah biola itu ia mainkan sekarang?)
A?- Won't he lend his money to Rohadi? (Tidakkah dia akan meminjamkan uangnya kepada Rohadi?)
P?- Won't his money be lended by him to Rohadi? (Tidakkah uangnya akan ia pinjamkan kepada Rohadi?)

Ought to
Bentuk Kalimat
A+ We ought to pay these foods (Kita seharusnya membayar makanan-makanan ini)
P+ These foods ought to be paid by us (Makanan-Makanan ini seharusnya kita bayar)
A- We ought not to deny his argument (Kita tdk seharusnya menyangkal pendapatnya)
P- His argument ought not to be denied by us (Pendapatnya tdk seharusnya kita sangkal)
? Bentuk tanya jarang dipakai karena rumit

Rumus di atas masih bisa dikembangkan lagi menjadi seperti future continuous tense dan future perfect continuous tense karena serupa dgn rumus active-passive voice simple future tense dan past future tense.

Lihat juga:

Sekian pembahasan mengenai kalimat active dan passive voice dalam modal auxiliary verbs, semoga bermanfaat.

Baca juga:
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