Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Active dan Passive Voice Past Future Tense Bentuk Positive, Negative, Interrogative Negative dan Positive

Berikut merupakan rumus active-passive dalam kalimat past future tense, yang masing-masing terdiri dari empat (4) bentuk, yaitu positive, negative, interrogative positive dan interrogative negative. Rumus active-passive ini merupakan bentuk past dari simple future tense, dimana hanya mengalami perubahan pada auxiliary verb-nya saja.

Sama seperti pada rumus simple future tense, ada dua (2) rumus yang bisa digunakan dalam tenses ini, yaitu dengan modal auxiliary verb "would" dan adjective "be+going+to". Untuk selengkapnya, langsung aja kita simak dan pahami rumus beserta contohnya sbb:

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Positive Dengan Would


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ would+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: O+ would+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • I would borrow her motorcycle- but she didn't permit me for it (Aku akan meminjam motornya, tapi dia tak mengizinkannya)
  • He would fell that banana tree- if the owner didn't know (Dia akan menebang pohon pisang itu kalau saja pemiliknya tidak tahu)
  • Gareng would hit Bagong- if Petruk didn't forbid him (Gareng bakal memukul Bagong kalau saja Petruk tidak melarangnya)
  • Anoman would burn that castle- but Rahwana knew what Anoman would do, so... (Anoman akan membakar istana itu, tetapi Rahwana tahu apa yang Anoman akan lakukan, jadi...)
  • The terrorists would bomb Jakarta- fortunately, DENSUS 88 could prevent them before it truely happened (Para teroris akan mengebom Jakarta, untungnya, DENSUS 88 bisa mencegah mereka sebelum itu benar-benar terjadi)
Contoh passive:
  • Her motorcycle would be borrowed by me- but she didn't permit me for it (Motornya akan aku pinjam, tapi dia tak mengizinkannya)
  • That banana tree would be felled by him- if the owner didn't know (Pohon pisang itu bakal dia tebang kalau saja pemiliknya tidak tahu)
  • Bagong would be hit by Gareng- if Petruk didn't forbid him (Bagong bakal dipukul Gareng kalau saja Petruk tidak melarangnya)
  • That castle would be burned by Anoman- but Rahwana knew what Anoman would do, so... (Istana itu akan dibakar Anoman, tetapi Rahwana tahu apa yang Anoman akan lakukan, jadi...)
  • Jakarta would be bombed by the terrorist- fortunately, DENSUS 88 could prevent them before it truely happened (Jakarta akan dibom oleh para teroris, untungnya, DENSUS 88 bisa mencegah mereka sebelum itu benar-benar terjadi)

Notes:
  • Would digunakan untuk semua subjek dan objek, baik 1st person, 2nd and 3rd singular person maupun plural. Tidak ada perubahan bentuk.
  • Kata "bakal" sama artinya dengan "akan".
  • Di kalimat passive, kata "oleh" bisa dihilangkan atau tetap ditulis.

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Positive Dengan Be Going To


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ to be (was/were)+ going+ to+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: O+ to be (was/were)+ going+ to+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Notes:
  • To be "was" untuk subjek dan objek 1st person (I) dan 3rd singular person (she,he,it,et).
  • To be "were" untuk subjek dan objek you (kamu), dan plural (we,they,many people,etc).

Contoh active:
  • He was going to forward your message to Fania (Dia akan segera menenyampaikan pesanmu ke Fania)
  • They were going to start the competition (Mereka akan segera memulai pertandingan itu)
  • She's going to open her shop (Dia akan segera membuka tokonya)
  • We're going to revise our proposal- before we submitted it to the lecturer (Kami akan segera memperbaiki proposal kami sebelum kami menyerahkannya kepada dosen)
  • I was going to provide the funds you'd requested (Aku akan segera menyediakan dana yang sudah kamu minta)
Contoh passive:
  • Your message was going to be forwarded by him to Fania (Pesanmu akan segera ia sampaikan ke Fania)
  • The competition was going to be started by them (Pertandingan itu akan segera mereka mulai)
  • Her shop was going to be opened by her (Tokonya akan segera ia buka)
  • Our proposal was going to be revised by us- before it's submitted to the lecturer (Proposal kami akan segera kami perbaiki sebelum diserahkan kepada dosen)
  • Actually, the funds you'd requested was going to be provided by me (Sebenarnya, dana yang sudah kamu minta akan segera aku sediakan)

Baca juga:

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Negative Dengan Would


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ would+ not+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: O+ would+ not+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • I would not borrow her motorcycle- but she offered it for me (Aku tidak akan meminjam motornya, tapi dia menawarkannya untukku)
  • He wouldn't fell that banana tree- if the owner knew (Dia tidak akan menebang pohon pisang itu kalau saja pemiliknya tahu)
  • Gareng wouldn't hit Bagong- if Petruk forbade him (Gareng tidak bakal memukul Bagong kalau saja Petruk melarangnya)
  • Anoman wouldn't burn that castle- if Rahwana didn't kidnap Dewi Shinta (Anoman tidak akan membakar istana itu jika Rahwana tidak menculik Dewi Shinta)
  • The terrorists wouldn't bomb Jakarta-if DENSUS 88 could arrest them before (Para teroris tidak akan mengebom Jakarta kalau saja DENSUS 88 bisa menangkap mereka sebelumnya)
Contoh passive:
  • Her motorcycle would not be borrowed by me- but she offered me (Motornya tidak akan aku pinjam, tetapi dia menawariku)
  • That banana tree wouldn't be felled by him- if the owner knew (Pohon pisang itu tidak bakal dia tebang kalau saja pemiliknya tahu)
  • Bagong wouldn't be hit by Gareng- if Petruk forbade him (Bagong tidak bakal dipukul Gareng kalau saja Petruk melarangnya)
  • That castle wouldn't be burned by Anoman- if Rahwana didn't kidnap Dewi Shinta (Istana itu tidak akan dibakar Anoman, jika Rahwana tidak menculik Dewi Shinta)
  • Jakarta wouldn't be bombed by the terrorist- if DENSUS 88 could arrest them before (Jakarta tidak akan dibom oleh para teroris kalau saja DENSUS 88 bisa menangkap mereka sebelumnya)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Negative Dengan Be Going To


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ to be (was/were)+ not+ going+ to+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: O+ to be (was/were)+ not+ going+ to+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • He was not going to forward your message to Fania (Dia tidak akan segera menenyampaikan pesanmu ke Fania)
  • They weren't going to start the competition (Mereka tidak akan segera memulai pertandingan itu)
  • She wasn't going to open her shop (Dia tidak akan segera membuka tokonya)
  • We weren't going to revise our proposal- because we'd been tired (Kami tidak akan segera memperbaiki proposal kami karena kami sudah lelah)
  • I wasn't going to provide the funds you'd requested (Aku tidak akan segera menyediakan dana yang sudah kamu minta)
Contoh passive:
  • Your message wasn't going to be forwarded by him to Fania (Pesanmu tidak akan segera ia sampaikan ke Fania)
  • The competition wasn't going to be started by them (Pertandingan itu tidak akan segera mereka mulai)
  • Her shop wasn't going to be opened by her (Tokonya tidak akan segera ia buka)
  • Our proposal wasn't going to be revised by us- because we'd been tired (Proposal kami tidak akan segera kami perbaiki karena kami sudah lelah)
  • The funds you'd requested wasn't going to be provided by me (Dana yang sudah kamu minta tidak akan segera aku sediakan)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative Positive Dengan Would


Rumus:
  • Active: Would+ S+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: Would+ O+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Would you borrow her motorcycle- if she was at there with you?(Apakah kamu akan meminjam motornya jika dia berada di sana denganmu?)
  • Would he fell that banana tree- if the owner didn't know? (Apakah dia akan menebang pohon pisang itu kalau saja pemiliknya tak tahu?)
  • Would Gareng hit Bagong- if Petruk didn't forbid him? (Apakah Gareng bakal memukul Bagong kalau saja Petruk tak melarangnya?)
  • Would Anoman burn that castle- if Rahwana kidnapped Dewi Shinta? (Apakah Anoman akan membakar istana itu jika Rahwana menculik Dewi Shinta?)
  • Would the terrorists bomb Jakarta-if DENSUS 88 didn't arrest them before? (Apakah para teroris akan mengebom Jakarta kalau saja DENSUS 88 tak menangkap mereka sebelumnya?)
Contoh passive:
  • Would her motorcycle be borrowed by you- if she was at there with you? (Apakah motornya akan kamu pinjam kalau dia berada di sana denganmu?)
  • Would that banana tree be felled by him- if the owner didn't know? (Apakah pohon pisang itu bakal dia tebang kalau saja pemiliknya tak tahu?)
  • Would Bagong be hit by Gareng- if Petruk didn't forbid him? (Apakah Bagong bakal dipukul Gareng kalau saja Petruk tak melarangnya?)
  • Would that castle be burned by Anoman- if Rahwana kidnapped Dewi Shinta? (Apakah istana itu akan dibakar Anoman jika Rahwana menculik Dewi Shinta?)
  • Would Jakarta be bombed by the terrorist- if DENSUS 88 didn't arrest them before? (Apakah Jakarta akan dibom oleh para teroris kalau saja DENSUS 88 tak menangkap mereka sebelumnya?)


Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative Positive Dengan Be Going To


Rumus:
  • Active: To be (was/were)S+ going+ to+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: To be (was/were)O+ going+ to+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Was he going to forward my message to Fania? (Apakah dia akan segera menenyampaikan pesanku ke Fania?)
  • Were they going to start the competition? (Apakah mereka akan segera memulai pertandingan itu?)
  • Was she going to open her shop? (Apakah dia akan segera membuka tokonya?)
  • Were you going to revise your proposal- although you'd been tired? (Apakah kamu akan segera memperbaiki proposalmu meskipun kamu sudah lelah?)
  • Was he going to provide the funds you'd requested? (Apakah dia akan segera menyediakan dana yang sudah kamu minta?)
Contoh passive:
  • Was my message going to be forwarded by him to Fania? (Apakah pesanku akan segera ia sampaikan ke Fania?)
  • Was the competition going to be started by them? (Apakah pertandingan itu akan segera mereka mulai?)
  • Was her shop going to be opened by her? (Apakah tokonya akan segera ia buka?)
  • Was your proposal going to be revised by you- although you'd been tired? (Apakah proposalmu akan segera kamu perbaiki meskipun kamu sudah lelah?)
  • Was the funds you'd requested going to be provided by him? (Apakah dana yang sudah kamu minta akan segera ia sediakan?)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative Negative Dengan Would


Rumus:
  • Active: Would+ not+ S+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: Would+ not+ O+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Would not you borrow her motorcycle- even though she'd offered it for you? (Apakah kamu tidak akan meminjam motornya meskipun dia sudah menawarkannya untukmu?)
  • Wouldn't he fell that banana tree- if the owner knew? (Apakah dia tidak akan menebang pohon pisang itu kalau saja pemiliknya tahu?)
  • Wouldn't Gareng hit Bagong- if Petruk forbade him? (Apakah Gareng tidak bakal memukul Bagong kalau saja Petruk melarangnya?)
  • Wouldn't Anoman burn that castle- if Rahwana didn't kidnap Dewi Shinta? (Apakah Anoman tidak akan membakar istana itu jika Rahwana tidak menculik Dewi Shinta?)
  • Wouldn't the terrorists bomb Jakarta-if DENSUS 88 could arrest them before? (Apakah para teroris tidak akan mengebom Jakarta kalau saja DENSUS 88 bisa menangkap mereka sebelumnya?)
Contoh passive:
  • Wouldn't her motorcycle be borrowed by you- even though you needed it? (Apakah motornya tidak akan kamu pinjam meskipun kamu membutuhkannya?)
  • Wouldn't that banana tree be felled by him- if the owner knew? (Apakah pohon pisang itu tidak bakal dia tebang kalau saja pemiliknya tahu?)
  • Wouldn't Bagong be hit by Gareng- if Petruk forbade him? (Apakah Bagong tidak bakal dipukul Gareng kalau saja Petruk melarangnya?)
  • Wouldn't that castle be burned by Anoman- if Rahwana didn't kidnap Dewi Shinta? (Apakah istana itu tidak akan dibakar Anoman jika Rahwana tidak menculik Dewi Shinta?)
  • Wouldn't Jakarta be bombed by the terrorist- if DENSUS 88 could arrest them before? (Apakah Jakarta tidak akan dibom oleh para teroris kalau saja DENSUS 88 bisa menangkap mereka sebelumnya?)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative Negative Dengan Be Going To


Rumus:
  • Active: To be (was/were)+ not+ S+ going+ to+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: To be (was/were)+ not+ O+ going+ to+ be+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Was not he going to forward my message to Fania? (Apakah dia tidak akan segera menenyampaikan pesanku ke Fania?)
  • Weren't they going to start the competition? (Apakah mereka tidak akan segera memulai pertandingan itu?)
  • Wasn't she going to open her shop? (Apakah dia tidak akan segera membuka tokonya?)
  • Weren't you going to revise your proposal- although your lecturer had asked you? (Apakah kamu tidak akan segera memperbaiki proposalmu meskipun dosenmu sudah memintamu?)
  • Wasn't he going to provide the funds you'd requested? (Apakah dia tidak akan segera menyediakan dana yang sudah kamu minta?)
Contoh passive:
  • Wasn't my message going to be forwarded by him to Fania? (Apakah pesanku tidak akan segera ia sampaikan ke Fania?)
  • Wasn't the competition going to be started by them? (Apakah pertandingan itu tidak akan segera mereka mulai?)
  • wasn't her shop going to be opened by her? (Apakah tokonya tidak akan segera ia buka?)
  • Wasn't your proposal going to be revised by you- even though your lecturer had asked you? (Apakah proposalmu tidak akan segera kamu perbaiki meskipun dosenmu sudah memintamu?)
  • Wasn't the funds you'd requested going to be provided by him? (Apakah dana yang sudah kamu minta tidak akan segera ia sediakan?)

Notes:
  • Untuk kalimat tanya (interrogative) sebaiknya menggunakan yang would saja karena be going to jarang digunakan.

Mau tahu rumus verbal dan nominal-nya juga? click link berikut:

Demikian pembahasan tentang rumus dan contoh active-passive voice dalam kalimat past future tense, semoga bermanfaat untuk semua.
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