Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Passive dan Active Voice Simple Past Tense

Berikut merupakan rumus aktif pasif (active-passive voice) bentuk positive, negative, interrogative positive serta interrogative negative yang ada dalam kalimat simple past tense.

Review: tenses ini digunakan untuk menjelaskan suatu aksi yang telah dilakukan atau peristiwa yang telah terjadi di waktu sebelumnya, entah semenit, sejam, sehari, seminggu dst, dan biasa dipakai dalam menulis cerpen, cerita legenda, cerita sejarah, novel, diary dan pengalaman masa lalu kita. Ini sama halnya dengan fungsi 7 tenses bentuk past lainnya.

Rumus Active-Passive Bentuk Positive


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ verb 2+ O
  • Passive: O+ to be (was/were)+ verb 3+ by+ s

Notes:
  • To be "was" untuk objek I dan 3rd singular person (she,he,it,etc).
  • To be "were" untuk objek plural (we, they, you (kalian), 2 people, 10 students,etc) dan 2nd person (you(kamu)).
  • Verb 2 dan to be "did" untuk semua subjek.
  • Kalimat passive selalu menggunakan verb 3.
  • Hanya kalimat yang lengkap ada subjek dan objek yang bisa dibolak-balik. Kalau hanya subjek tanpa objek atau hanya objek tanpa subjek tidak bisa dibalik.

Contoh active:
  • He sold his apartment to pay his debts yesterday (Dia menjual apartemennya untuk membayar hutang kemarin)
  • She loved you (Dia mencintaimu)
  • My cat took my fried chicken- when I was washing my hands (Kucingku mengambil ayam gorengku ketika aku sedang cuci tangan)
  • My father collected these stamps- when he was still single (Ayahku mengkoleksi perangko-perangko ini ketika dia masih single)
  • They planted the corns in the rice field (Mereka menanam jagung-jagung itu di sawah)
Contoh passive:
  • His apartment was sold by him to pay his debts yesterday (Apartemennya dia jual untuk membayar hutang kemarin)
  • You were loved by her (Kamu dicintainya)
  • My fried chicken was taken by my cat-- when I was washing my hands (Ayam gorengku diambil kucingku ketika aku sedang cuci tangan)
  • These stamps were collected by my father- when he was still single (Perangko-Perangko ini dikoleksi ayahku ketika dia masih single)
  • The corns were planted by them in the rice field (Jagung-Jagung itu mereka tanam di sawah)

Rumus Active-Passive Bentuk Negative


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ did+ not+ verb 1 + O
  • Passive: O+ was/were+ not+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Actually he didn't sell his apartment to pay his debts (Sebenarnya dia tidak menjual apartemennya untuk membayar hutangnya)
  • She didn't love you- but loved me (Dia tidak mencintaimu tetapi mencintaiku)
  • My cat didn't take my fried chicken- because he had been satisfied (Kucingku tidak mengambil ayam gorengku karena dia sudah kenyang)
  • My father didn't collect these stamps- but my mum did (Ayahku tidak mengkoleksi perangko-perangko ini, tetapi ibuku lah yang mengkoleksinya)
  • They didn't plant the corns in the rice field (Mereka tidak menanam jagung-jagung itu di sawah)
Contoh passive:
  • Actually his apartment wasn't sold by him- it's just rented (Sebenarnya apartemennya tidak dia jual, itu hanya disewakan saja)
  • You weren't loved by her- because she loved me (Kamu tidak dicintainya karena dia mencintaiku)
  • My fried chicken wasn't taken by my cat- but it's taken by my dog (Ayam gorengku tidak diambil kucingku tapi diambil anjingku)
  • These stamps weren't collected by my father- but by my mum (Perangko-Perangko ini tidak dikoleksi oleh ayahku tetapi oleh ibuku)
  • The corns weren't planted by them in the rice field (Jagung-Jagung itu tidak mereka tanam di sawah)


Lihat juga:

Rumus Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative-Possitive


Rumus:
  • Active: Did+ S+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: Was/were+ O+ verb 3+ by+ S
Contoh active:
  • Did he sell his apartment to pay his debts? (Apakah dia menjual apartemennya untuk membayar hutang?)
  • Did she love you? (Apakah dia mencintaimu?)
  • Did my cat take my fried chicken? (Apakah kucingku mengambil ayam gorengku?)
  • Did my father collect these stamps? (Apakah ayahku mengkoleksi perangko-perangko ini?)
  • Did they plant the corns in the rice field? (Apakah mereka menanam jagung-jagung itu di sawah?)
Contoh passive:
  • Was his apartment sold by him? (Apakah apartemennya dia jual?)
  • Were you loved by her? (Apakah kamu dicintainya?)
  • Was my fried chicken taken by my cat? (Apakah ayam gorengku diambil kucingku?)
  • Were these stamps collected by your father? (Apakah perangko-perangko ini dikoleksi oleh ayahmu?)
  • Were the corns planted by them in the rice field? (Apakah jagung-jagung itu mereka tanam di sawah?)

Rumus Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative-Negative


Rumus:
  • Active: Did+ not+ S+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: Was/were+ not+ O+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Didn't he sell his apartment? (Apa dia tidak menjual apartemennya?)
  • Didn't she love you? (Apa dia tidak mencintaimu?)
  • Didn't my cat take my fried chicken? (Apakah kucingku tidak mengambil ayam gorengku?)
  • Didn't your father collect these stamps? (Apakah ayahmu tidak mengkoleksi perangko-perangko ini?)
  • Didn't they plant the corns in the rice field? (Apakah mereka tidak menanam jagung-jagung itu di sawah?)
Contoh passive:
  • Wasn't his apartment sole by him ? (Apakah apartemennya tidak dia jual?)
  • Weren't you loved by her? (Apakah kamu tidak dicintainya?)
  • Wasn't my fried chicken taken by my cat? (Apakah ayam gorengku tidak diambil kucingku?)
  • Weren't these stamps collected by your father? (Apakah perangko-perangko ini tidak dikoleksi oleh ayahmu?)
  • Weren't the corns planted by them in the rice field? (Apakah jagung-jagung itu tidak mereka tanam di sawah?)

Wajib dibaca:

Untuk kalimat active tanpa objek dan kalimat passive tanpa subjek, atau disebut sebagai kalimat intransitive verb dapat dilihat dalam contoh sbb (ini tidak bisa dibolak-balik kalimatnya dari active ke passive atau sebaliknya):

Contoh active intransitive:
  • He ran very fast (Dia berlari sangat cepat)
  • I read in the library with my friends (Aku membaca di perpustakaan dengan teman-temanku)
  • They didn't come to my party (Mereka tidak datang ke pestaku)
  • We didn't go to school- because the day was raining (Kami tidak berangkat ke sekolah karena waktu itu lagi hujan)
  • Why did you scream out? (Mengapa kamu berteriak?)
  • Where did you go? (Kemana kamu pergi?)
Contoh passive intransitive:
  • Those lions were killed- because they were dangerous (Singa-Singa itu dibunuh karena mereka berbahaya)
  • This car was sold- after the owner got an accident (Mobil ini dijual setelah pemiliknya mengalami kecelakaan)
  • He wasn't given money- so he didn't help his father (Dia tidak diberi uang, jadi dia tidak membantu ayahnya)
  • When were you added as her friend? (Kapan kamu dijadikan sebagai temannya?)
  • The house was painted in order to celebrate Idul Fitri (Rumah itu dicat dalam rangka merayakan lebaran)
  • Where was selular phone firstly used? (Dimanakah HP pertama kali digunakan?)

Untuk mengetahui rumus verbal dan nominal serta mengetahui fungsi dan waktu penggunaan tenses ini, silahkan click link di bawah ini:

Sekian pembahasan tentang rumus dan contoh active-passive voice dalam kalimat simple past tense, semoga bermanfaat. Terima kasih sudah membaca :)

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