Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Active dan Passive Voice Present Perfect Tense

Berikut ini merupakan rumus aktif pasif (active-passive voice) kalimat present perfect tense bentuk positive, negative, interrogative possitive dan interrogative negative lengkap beserta contoh-contohnya.

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Positive


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ have/has+ verb 3 (past participle)+ O
  • Passive: O+ have/has+ been+ verb 3 (past participle)+ by+ S

Notes:
  • To be "have" untuk subjek/objek I, you dan plural (we,they,people,etc).
  • To be "has" untuk subjek/objek 3rd singular person (she,he,it,Andi, Dina,etc).
  • Penggunaan to be "have/has" dalam kalimat bentuk active tergantung pada subjek, sedang bentuk passive tergantung pada objek.

Contoh active:
  • Duta has removed the files from his computer (Duta sudah menghapus file-file itu dari komputernya)
  • We have created this paper since 1 week ago (Kami sudah membuat karya ilmiah ini sejak seminggu lalu)
  • I have opened and read your letter (Aku sudah membuka dan membaca suratmu)
  • She has named her baby Mario (Dia sudah menamai bayinya Mario)
  • They have picked the flowers from the garden (Mereka sudah memetik bunga-bunga itu dari kebun)
Contoh passive:
  • The files have been removed by Duta from his computer (File-file itu sudah Duta hapus dari komputernya)
  • This paper has been created by us since 1 week ago (Karya ilmiah ini sudah kami buat sejak seminggu lalu)
  • Your letter has been opened and read by me (Suratmu sudah aku buka dan baca)
  • Her baby has been named by her Mario (Bayinya sudah dia beri nama Mario)
  • The flowers have been picked by them from the garden (Bunga-bunga itu sudah mereka petik dari kebun)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Negative


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ have/has+ not+ verb 3+ O
  • Passive: O+ have/has+ not+ been+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Duta hasn't removed the files from his computer (Duta belum menghapus file-file itu dari komputernya)
  • We haven't finished this paper until now (Kami belum menyelesaikan karya ilmiah ini sampai sekarang)
  • I haven't opened and read your letter (Aku belum membuka dan membaca suratmu)
  • She hasn't named her baby- because she's still waiting for her husband (Dia belum menamai bayinya karena dia masih menunggu suaminya)
  • They haven't picked the flowers from the garden (Mereka belum memetik bunga-bunga itu dari kebun)
Contoh passive:
  • The files haven't been removed by Duta from his computer (File-file itu belum Duta hapus dari komputernya)
  • This paper hasn't been finished by us until now (Karya ilmiah ini belum kami selesaikan sampai sekarang)
  • Your letter hasn't been opened and read by me (Suratmu belum aku buka dan baca)
  • Her baby hasn't been named by her- because she's still waiting for her husband (Bayinya belum dia beri nama karena dia masih menunggu suaminya)
  • The flowers haven't been picked by them from the garden (Bunga-bunga itu belum mereka petik dari kebun)


Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative-Positive


Rumus:
  • Active: Have/has+ S+ verb 3+ O
  • Passive: Have/has+ O+ been+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Has Duta removed the files from his computer? (Apa Duta sudah menghapus file-file itu dari komputernya?)
  • Have you created the paper? (Apa kalian sudah membuat karya ilmiah itu?)
  • Have you opened and read my letter? (Apa kamu sudah membuka dan membaca suratku?)
  • Has she named her baby? (Apa dia sudah menamai bayinya?)
  • Have they picked the flowers from the garden? (Apa mereka sudah memetik bunga-bunga itu dari kebun?)
Contoh passive:
  • Have the files been removed by Duta from his computer? (Apa file-file itu sudah Duta hapus dari komputernya?)
  • Has the paper been created by yourselves? (Apa karya ilmiah itu sudah kalian buat?)
  • Has my letter been opened and read by yourself? (Apa suratku sudah kamu buka dan baca?)
  • Has her baby been named by her? (Apakah bayinya sudah dia beri nama?)
  • Have the flowers been picked by them from the garden? (Apa bunga-bunga itu sudah mereka petik dari kebun?)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Bentuk Interrogative-Negative


Rumus:
  • Active: Have/has+ not+ S+ verb 3+ O
  • Passive: Have/has+ not+ O+ been+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Hasn't Duta removed the files from his computer? (Apa Duta belum menghapus file-file itu dari komputernya?)
  • Haven't you created the paper? (Apa kalian belum membuat karya ilmiah itu?)
  • Haven't you opened and read my letter? (Apa kamu belum membuka dan membaca suratku?)
  • Hasn't she named her baby? (Apa dia belum menamai bayinya?)
  • Haven't they picked the flower from the garden? (Apa mereka belum memetik bunga-bunga itu dari kebun?)
Contoh passive:
  • Haven't the files been removed by Duta from his computer? (Apa file-file itu belum Duta hapus dari computernya?
  • Hasn't the paper been created by yourselves? (Apa karya ilmiah itu belum kalian buat?)
  • Hasn't my letter been opened and read by yourself? (Apa suratku sudah kamu baca?)
  • Hasn't the baby been named by her? (Apa bayinya belum dia beri nama?)
  • Haven't the flowers been picked by them from the garden? (Apa bunga-bunga itu belum mereka petik dari kebun?)

Untuk kalimat active tanpa objek dan kalimat passive tanpa subjek atau disebut kalimat intransitive verb dapat dilihat pada contoh-contoh berikut:

Active tanpa objek:
  • I haven't eaten (Aku belum makan)
  • We have come since 10 minutes ago (Kami sudah datang sejak 10 menit lalu)
  • Have you gone to the library? (Apa kalian sudah pergi ke perpustakaan?)
  • Has Bagong slept? (Apa Bagong sudah tidur?)
  • Hasn't she arrived at there? (Apa dia belum tiba di sana?)
Passive tanpa subjek:
  • His scooter has been repaired today (Sekuternya sudah diperbaiki hari ini)
  • Has the rice field been sold? (Apa sawah itu sudah dijual?)
  • The victims haven't been evacuated from the crime scene (Para korban belum dievakuasi dari TKP)
  • Hasn't the TV been switched off? (Apa TV-nya belum dimatikan?)
  • The meeting has been cancelled because this afternoon they can't come (Pertemuannya sudah dibatalkan karena siang ini mereka tidak bisa datang)

Notes:
  • Kalimat active tanpa objek dan passive tanpa subjek seperti contoh-contoh di atas tidak dapat dibolak-balik dari active ke passive atau sebaliknya.

Baca juga rumus verbal dan nominal kalimat present perfect tense dengan click link berikut:

Demikian rumus active-passive voice dalam kalimat present perfect tense yang bisa saya sampaikan, semoga bisa dipahami dengan mudah dan bermanfaat untuk semua.
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