Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Active dan Passive Voice Simple Present Tense- Bahasa Inggris

Berikut ini merupakan rumus dan contoh kalimat simple present tense aktif dan pasif (active-passive voice) bentuk positive, negative, interrogative positive dan interrogative negative.

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Voice Bentuk Positive


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ verb 1/ verb 1-s/es+ O
  • Passive: O+ am/is/are+ verb 3+ by+ S

Notes:
  • To be "am" untuk objek I.
  • To be "does" dan "is" untuk subjek/objek 3rd singular (she,he,it,her,him,Budi,etc).
  • To be "are" untuk objek 2nd person (you(kamu)) dan plural (they,we,you(kalian),my books,your pets,etc).
  • To be "do" untuk subjek I dan plural
  • kalimat passive selalu disusun dengan verb 3 (past participle)

Contoh active:
  • I clean my bedroom every morning (Aku membersihkan kamar tidurku setiap pagi)
  • He always washes his car- before he uses it (Dia selalu mencuci mobilnya sebelum menggunakannya)
  • Mr. Rizal often teaches his students using power point (Pak Rizal sering mengajar murid-muridnya menggunakan ppt)
  • I feed my pets 3 times a day (Aku memberi makan binatang-binatang kesayanganku 3x sehari)
Contoh passive:
  • My bedroom is cleaned by me every morning (Kamar tidurku aku bersihkan setiap pagi)
  • His car is always washed by him- before it's used by him (Mobilnya selalu dia cuci sebelum digunakannya)
  • Mr. Rizal's students are often taught by him using power point (Murid-Muridnya pak Rizal sering beliau ajar menggunakan ppt)
  • My pets are fed by me 3 times a day (Binatang-Binatang kesayanganku ku beri makan 3x sehari)

Lihat juga:

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Voice Bentuk Negative


Rumus:
  • Active: S+ do/does+ not+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: O+ am/is/are+ not+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • I don't clean my bedroom every morning (Aku tidak membersihkan kamar tidurku setiap pagi)
  • He doesn't wash his car even though it's been dirty (Dia tidak mencuci mobilnya meskipun sudah kotor)
  • Mr. Rizal doesn't teach his students using power point (Pak Rizal tidak mengajar murid-muridnya menggunakan ppt)
  • I don't feed my pets until they're hungry (Aku tidak memberi makan binatang-binatang kesayanganku sampai mereka kelaparan)
Contoh passive:
  • My bedroom isn't cleaned by me every morning (Kamar tidurku tidak aku bersihkan setiap pagi)
  • His car isn't washed by him even though it's been dirty (Mobilnya tidak dia cuci meskipun sudah kotor)
  • Mr. Rizal's students aren't taught by him using power point (Murid-Muridnya pak Rizal tidak beliau ajar menggunakan ppt )
  • My pets aren't fed by me until they're hungry (Binatang-Binatang kesayanganku tidak aku beri makan sampai mereka kelaparan)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Voice Bentuk Interrogative Positive


Rumus:
  • Active: Do/does+ S+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: Am/is/are+ O+ verb 3+ by+ S

Contoh active:
  • Do I clean my bedroom every morning? (Apakah aku membersihkan kamar tidurku setiap pagi?)
  • Does he always wash his car? (Apakah dia selalu mencuci mobilnya?)
  • Does Mr. Rizal often teach his students using power point? (Apakah pak Rizal sering mengajar murid-muridnya menggunakan ppt?)
  • Do you feed your own pets everyday? (Apakah kamu memberi makan binatang-binatang kesayanganmu setiap hari?)
Contoh passive:
  • Is my bedroom cleaned by me every morning? (Apakah kamar tidurku aku bersihkan setiap pagi?
  • Is his car always washed by him? (Apakah mobilnya selalu dia cuci?)
  • Are Mr. Rizal's students often taught by him using power point? (Apakah murid-muridnya pak Rizal sering beliau ajar menggunakan ppt?)
  • Are your pets fed by yourself everyday? (Apakah binatang-binatang kesayanganmu kamu beri makan setiap hari?)

Rumus dan Contoh Active-Passive Voice Bentuk Interrogative Negative


Rumus:
  • Active: Do/does+ not+ S+ verb 1+ O
  • Passive: Am/is/are+ not+ O+ verb 3+ by+ S


Contoh active:
  • Don't you clean your bedroom everyday? (Apakah kamu tidak membersihkan kamar tidurmu setiap hari?)
  • Doesn't he wash his car even though it's been dirty? (Apakah dia tidak mencuci mobilnya meskipun sudah kotor?)
  • Doesn't Mr. Rizal teach his students using power point? (Apakah pak Rizal tidak mengajar murid-muridnya menggunakan ppt?)
  • Don't you feed your pets everyday? (Apakah kamu tidak memberi makan binatang-binatang kesayanganmu setiap hari?)
Contoh passive:
  • Isn't your bedroom cleaned by yourself everyday? (Apakah kamar tidurmu tidak kamu bersihkan setiap hari?
  • Isn't his car washed by him even though it's been dirty? (Apakah mobilnya tidak dia bersihkan meskipun sudah kotor?)
  • Aren't Mr. Rizal's students taught by him using power point? (Apakah murid-muridnya pak Rizal tidak beliau ajar menggunakan ppt?)
  • Aren't your pets fed by yourself everyday? (Apakah binatang-binatang kesayanganmu tidak kamu beri makan setiap hari?)

* Penggunaan to be (am,is,are) pada bentuk kalimat passive tergantung pada objek, bukan subjek. Jadi misal jika dalam kalimat active subjeknya berupa 3rd singular person (she,he,it,etc), namun objeknya plural, maka ketika dirubah ke bentuk passive to be yang digunakan adalah "are" bukan "is" karena menyesuaikan objek.
Contoh:
  • Active: She always brings her selular phone and laptop to the school (Dia selalu membawa HP dan laptopnya ke sekolahan)
  • Passive: Her selular phone and laptop are always brought by her to the school (HP dan laptopnya selalu dia bawa ke sekolahan)

Selain dengan susunan seperti banyak contoh di atas, kita bisa membuat kalimat active tanpa objek dan passive tanpa subjek atau sering disebut kalimat intransitive verb, namun kalimatnya tidak bisa dibolak-balik dari active ke passive atau sebaliknya.

Contoh kalimat active tanpa objek:
  • I swim every weekend (Aku berenang tiap akhir pekan)
  • She goes to Semarang almost everyday (Dia pergi ke Semarang hampir setiap hari)
  • Her baby often cries (Bayinya sering menangis)
Contoh kalimat passive tanpa subjek:
  • That shop is rarely opened (Toko itu jarang dibuka)
  • Those car are rented (Mobil-Mobil itu disewakan)
  • Sendratari Ramayana is performed every Saturday night in the yard of Prambanan temple (Sendratari Ramayana dipentaskan setiap Sabtu malam di pelataran candi Prambanan)

Mau tahu rumus verbal dan nominal-nya juga? Silahkan klik link di bawah ini:

Demikian pembahasan mengenai rumus dan contoh active-passive voice dalam kalimat simple present tense, semoga bisa membantu dalam belajar. Jangan lupa di shared ke yang lain juga ya :)
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