Rumus, Contoh Kalimat Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense Verbal dan Nominal Beserta Fungsi dan Pengertiannya

Pengertian Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense


Past future perfect continuous tense berasal dari kata "past" yang berarti lampau, "future" yang berarti mendatang, "perfect" Yang berarti sempurna/ sudah dilakukan, "continuous" yang berarti masih berlanjut dan "tense" yang berarti waktu. Jadi past future perfect continuous tense dapat diartikan sebagai kata kerja yang menerangkan suatu aksi yang akan sudah dan masih sedang dilakukan di waktu lampau dan tidak ada hubungannya dengan waktu sekarang ini. Waktu dari aksi tersebut biasanya diketahui dan terukur, selama berapa lama, dari jam berapa sampai jam berapa, dari hari apa sampai hari apa, dst. Ini hampir sama dengan present-future perfect continuous tense , perbedaan hanya penunjuk waktunya saja. Tenses ini umum digunakan dalam menulis legenda, cerpen, diary, buku sejarah dan pengalaman pribadi masa lalu, sama seperti 7 tenses bentuk past lain.

Saya contohkan, beberapa bulan lalu saya sudah berencana untuk menemani Robin pergi ke suatu daerah, namun akhirnya saya membatalkannya karena saya punya kesibukan sendiri dan saya sangat menyesalkan hal itu. Untuk mengungkapkannya kepada teman saya yang lain, maka rumus ini pilihan yang tepat untuk digunakan.

Berikut contohnya:
  • I would have been accompanying Robin during his trip- if I wasn't busy (Saya akan sudah menemani Robin selama perjalanannya jika saja saya tidak sibuk)
"I would have been accompanying Robin during his trip" merupakan past future perfect continuous tense.

Rumus Past Future Perfect Continuous Tense


Rumus tenses ini merupakan penggabungan dari rumus past future tense dengan hanya mengambil verb "would", dan present perfect continuous tense dengan mengambil verb "have+been+(V1+ing)", sehingga didapat rumus "would+have+been+(V1+ing).

Berikut ini rumus kalimat verbal dan nominalnya, mulai dari bentuk positive, negative, interrogative positive dan interrogative negative, serta sekilas rumus positive kalimat active-passive di paling bawah (rumus active-passive lengkap ada di artikel berikutnya).

Rumus Kalimat Verbal


Rumus:
  • Positive: S+ would+ have+ been+ present participle (V1+ing)+ O/Adv
  • Negative: S+ would+ not+ have+ been+ present participle (V1+ing)+ O/Adv
  • Interrogative-Positive: Would+ S+ have+ been+ present participle (V1+ing)+ O/Adv
  • Interrogative-Negative: Would+ not+ S+ have+ been+ present participle (V1+ing)+ O/Adv

a. Contoh positive:
  • We would have been sleeping- if the lamp had been turned off (Kami bakal sudah tidur kalau lampunya sudah dimatikan)
  • He would have been making money- if he had married (Dia bakal sudah mencari uang kalau dia sudah menikah)
  • He would have been driving your car- if he already had a driver's license (Dia bakal sudah mengemudikan mobilmu kalau saja dia sudah punya SIM)
  • Mrs. Anisa would have been teaching you - if her husband didn't come at the same time (Bu Anisa bakal sudah mengajar kalian jika saja suaminya tidak datang pada waktu yang bersamaan)
  • Her daughter would have been crying- if she knew that there was a nurse at there (Anak perempuannya bakal sudah menangis kalau dia tahu bahwa ada seorang perawat di sana)

b. Contoh negative:
  • We wouldn't have been sleeping- although the lamp had been turned off (Kami belum akan tidur meskipun lampunya sudah dimatikan)
  • He wouldn't have been making money- if he hadn't married (Dia belum bakal mencari uang kalau dia belum menikah)
  • He wouldn't have been driving your car- because he was still sleepy (Dia belum akan mengemudikan mobilmu karena dia masih ngantuk)
  • Mrs. Anisa wouldn't have been teaching you - if her husband hadn't gone (Bu Anisa belum bakal mengajar kalian jika suaminya belum pergi)
  • Her daughter wouldn't have been crying- as long as she hadn't known that there was a nurse at there (Anak perempuannya belum bakal menangis sepanjang dia belum tahu bahwa ada seorang perawat di sana)

c. Contoh interrogative-positive:
  • Would you have been sleeping- if the lamp hadn't been turned off? (Apakah kalian bakal sudah tidur kalau lampunya belum dimatikan?)
  • Would he have been making money- even though he hadn't married? (Apakah dia bakal sudah mencari uang meskipun dia belum menikah?)
  • Would he have been driving your car- even though he had no driver's license? (Apakah dia bakal sudah mengemudikan mobilmu meskipun dia tidak punya SIM?)
  • Would Mrs. Anisa have been teaching us- if her husband didn't come? (Apakah bu Anisa bakal sudah mengajar kita kalau saja suaminya tidak datang?)
  • Would her gaughter have been crying- even though she didn't know that there was a nurse at there? (Apakah anak perempuannya bakal sudah menangis meskipun dia tak tahu bahwa ada seorang perawat di sana?)

d. Contoh interrogative-negative:
  • Wouldn't you have been sleeping- although the lamp had been turned off? (Apakah kalian belum bakanan tidur meskipun lampunya sudah dimatikan?)
  • Wouldn't he have been making money- if he hadn't married? (Apakah dia belum bakal mencari uang jika belum menikah?)
  • Wouldn't he have been driving your car- if he had no driver's license? (Apakah dia belum bakal mengemudikan mobilmu kalau dia tidak punya SIM?)
  • Wouldn't Mrs. Anisa have been teaching us- if her husband hadn't gone? (Apakah bu Anisa belum bakal mengajar kita kalau suaminya belum pergi?)
  • Wouldn't her gaughter have been crying- if she didn't know that there was a nurse at there? (Apakah anak perempuannya belum bakal menangis kalau dia tak tahu bahwa ada seorang perawat di sana?)

Rumus Kalimat Nominal


Rumus nominal sama seperti past future perfect tense yang tanpa continuous, atau secara menghilangkan verb (V1+ing) yang ada dan diganti noun/ adjective/ prepositional phrase (adverb).

Langsung saja rumus dan contohnya sbb:
  • Positive: S+ would+ have+ been+ Noun/Adj/Adv
    • her cat would have been my cat- if I bought it (Kucingnya bakal sudah menjadi kucingku jika aku membelinya)
  • Negative: S+ would+ not+ have+ been+ N/A/A
    • Her cat wouldn't have been my cat- because I hadn't bought it (Kucingnya belum bakal menjadi kucingku karena aku belum membelinya)
  • Interrogative-Positive: Would+ S+ have+ been+ N/A/A
    • Would her cat have been my cat- even though I hadn't bought it? (Apakah kucingnya bakal sudah menjadi kucingku meskipun aku belum membelinya?)
  • Interrogative-Negative: Would+ not+ S+ have+ been+ N/A/A
    • Wouldn't her cat have been my cat- if I hadn't bought it? (Apakah kucingnya belum bakal menjadi kucingku jika aku belum membelinya?)

Tambahan:

* Rumus active-passive voice sbb:
  • Active: S+ would+ have+ been+ present participle (V1+ing)+ O
    • I would have been watching the drama- if you were the main character (Aku bakal sudah nonton drama itu kalau kamu tokoh utamanya)
  • Passive: O+ would+ have+ been+ being+ past participle (verb 3)+ by+ S
    • The drama would have been being watched by me- if you were the main character (Dramanya bakal sudah aku tonton kalau kamu tokoh utamanya)

Rumus dan contoh kalimat active-passive voice yang lebih lengkap serta mendetail bisa dilihat dengan meng-klik link ini.

Demikian pembahasan tentang pengertian, fungsi, rumus dan contoh kalimat past future perfect continuous tense verbal dan nominal, semoga bermanfaat. Jika teman-teman tahu kalau masih ada yang kurang, silahkan ditambahkan atau jika ada yang masih salah, silahkan dibenarkan. Terima kasih :)

Baca juga cara mengekpresikan kebiasaan yang kita lakukan di masa lampau dengan meng-klik link ini, memahami perbedaan phoneme, syllable, morpheme, phrase, clause etc dengan meng-klik link ini, melihat contoh dan fungsi interjection di link ini, atau hanya sekedar melihat daftar kosa kata anggota tubuh dari kepala sampai tulang-belulang di link ini.
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